Anaphylaxis is an extreme form of allergic reaction. It can cause swelling of the lips and tongue, breathing problems, collapse and loss of consciousness. Anaphylaxis can cause death and is therefore a medical emergency. If you suspect someone is suffering anaphylaxis, you should call 999 for an ambulance. One of the main treatments is an injection of adrenaline (epinephrine). Some people who have had a severe allergic reaction or anaphylactic reaction in the past carry an adrenaline (epinephrine) pen. This can be self-injected or injected by a bystander, in the event of anaphylaxis.
What should I do if I think someone is having an anaphylactic reaction?
Anaphylaxis is likely when:
The person may have had a severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis in the past. However, this may be the first time.
A person having difficulty breathing may prefer to sit up in a chair. It is best, for a person feeling faint, to lie down.